Myopic Macular Degeneration. High myopia is a worldwide significant cause of macular degeneration. Extreme elongation of the length of the eye leads to loss of cells or atrophy, wet degeneration from growth of abnormal blood vessels and various other clinical features associated with severe vision loss.
Nearly 3% of the population in the United States is affected, but this number rises to over 15% of the populations in Asians. Aging as well as genetic factors lead to progress loss in adulthood and beyond. The Macula Foundation has supported a textbook on pathologic or high myopia, edited by two of its principal investigators.